In a country as large and ancient as Russia, there are many dwelling places that have long been abandoned by those who once haunted their grounds. Today, you can visit these ghost towns and abandoned homes and imagine what life was like for the people of the past.
Right now prepare for some serious creepiness! Here’s a Russianblogger’s list of the top 10 abandoned places in Russia.
- 1. Atomic Lighthouse, Cape Aniva (Sakhalin Island)
In 1939, the Atomic Lighthouse was built by architect Miura Shinobu in Sakhalin island. It was a complicated technical building, created from a unique design. The lighthouse was run on a diesel generator and contained emergency backup batteries.
In 1990, it was refitted with atomic power to save money. Soon, however, it fell out of use and became totally abandoned. In 2006, the Russian military removed its two isotopic installations and before the long, the lighthouse was emptied by looters. Now, it sits, empty and lonely, by the sea, hoping for a new resurrection in the future.
- 2. “Mir” Diamond Mine, Yakutia
“The Mir Diamond Mine” in Yakutia was once a major source of revenue and jobs for the region. The massive open-pit mine produced the vast majority of Russian diamonds at one time, and the town that was built up around it was busy and full of life. Diamonds became scarcer the further down that the workers dug, so eventually the mine was no longer worth the money or labor.
It closed down, leaving a gaping pit. From space, it looks like Russia’s navel. It is still listed as one of the top five largest open-pit mines in the world.
- 3. Five-Star Hotel “Northern Сrown”, St. Petersburg
In 1988, the Soviet Union commissioned a five-star hotel to be built overlooking the River Karpovki in St. Petersburg. Its majestic walls began to rise soon after, and the hotel was all but finished when the project ran out of money and was abandoned. The hotel, too, was abandoned and left to rot in full view of the surrounding town.
Even now, the 250 rooms appear luxe enough to stay in, if only the mildew could be cleared away. However, the building has been deemed beyond repair and its fate is to be demolished before it ever had a chance to be used.
- 4. Dagdizel Plant, Dagestan
The Dagdizel Plant near Makhachkala in Dagestan was built as a test center for Navy weapons. It was put into operation in 1939, but its use was short-lived as military needs changed over the years. It still rests in the Caspian Sea, abandoned and with no future of either use or demolition.
Its location is over two and a half miles from shore, so even illicit visits to the facility are rare. Its only visitors are the birds, who have overtaken this concrete island and made it their own.
- 5. Abandoned Castle “Zakhluchye”, Moscow Oblast
In a picturesque forested area on the bank of a small lake near Moscow, there sits an abandoned castle that has captured the imagination of many for decades. At the end of the 19th Century, the castle was constructed according to the design of architect A. S. Khrenov.
Now, the castle lies quietly in the middle of the overgrown garden, its rambling halls and quaint tower inviting the brave to venture within. The interior of the house is characterized by brightly-colored paint on every wall. The paint is badly peeling, but it lends and air of charm to the intricate tiling and empty rooms. In its day, it must have been a truly magnificent home.
- 6. Khovrinskaya Hospital, Moscow
The Khovrinskaya Hospital in Moscow was begun during Soviet rule in 1980. However, the project was abandoned prior to completion because of lack of funding. The hospital was also built on a poor foundation; the site had once been part of a river, so the ground was not good for supporting a large structure.
The building is a dangerous place to explore and has its share of accidents and even many deaths. In fact, such strange and terrible things happen in the abandoned hospital that numerous myths and legends have grown up around it. It can be hard to separate myth from reality, but one thing is for certain: abandoned Khovrinskaya Hospital is not a safe place and the curious should explore elsewhere.
- 7. Kadykchan Village, Magadan Oblast
Kadykchan Village is officially called a “depopulated community,” but the romantic like to refer to it as a “ghost town.” It was established as a coal mining village during World War II, but after an explosion leading to several accidental deaths, the corporation shut down. The town also shut down, and its many residents slowly trickled out to settle in other communities. Many of them even left their possessions in their abandoned homes.
By 2010, the town had no official residents. The only people in the town are squatters, and the community is set to be demolished. You can visit it today, but it is overgrown and a feeling of eerie unrest lingers in the air.
- 8. Abandoned Submarine Base “Bechevinka”, Kamchatka
Bechevinka Village in Kamchatka is empty, and it really is a shame, because there is no one to enjoy the breathtaking views of the mountains. At one time, this beautiful location was the site of a Soviet navy base. The location was chosen not for its mountainous views, but for the shelter and privacy that those mountains offered.
The facility was established in the 60’s and existed for 30 years before it was closed down. With its closure came the closure of the neighboring village, and the area is now left for the wildlife to enjoy. However, the station may have a new military future; the location is ideal for a base and could be resurrected.
- 9. Sanatorium Energy, Moscow Oblast
Energy Sanatorium is being built anew on the grounds of a long-abandoned building. Although the original building has not been used for years and will likely be torn down, the site has been given a new birth.
The sanatorium is located outside of Moscow near a series of ponds that are popular for fishing in. The new buildings cater to these visitors, providing a nice hotel stay for travelers who prefer the quiet countryside to the hustle and bustle of Moscow.
- 10. Maternity Hospital, Vladimir Oblast
In the 18th Century, a state-of-the-art hospital was built in what was then a thriving township. The hospital was intended for victims of war, but when this need became obsolete, it was converted into a maternity ward. Later, both the town and the hospital were abandoned.
If you visit the hospital, you may be surprised that women actually wanted to have their babies here. Creepy place, isn’t?
The building looks rather like a torture chamber, with its outdated instruments and apparently uncomfortable chairs and beds. The outdated tiling and moldering doors don’t exactly add charm to the place, either.